Environmental Policy News

Voluntary Code of Conduct for Search and Rescue NGOs Outlined in European Parliament

On Wednesday 29 March 2017, Human Rights at Sea CEO David Hammond spoke in the European Parliament to outline the new voluntary ‘Code of Conduct for Search and Rescue Operations undertaken by civil society Non-Governmental Organizations in the Mediterranean Sea’ and to urge European institutions to better support lawful humanitarian efforts by NGOs.

This was part of a series of MEP, academic and NGO presentations addressing the issue of criminalization of humanitarian aid in the Mediterranean region.

Human Rights at Sea, along with attendee representatives of civil society Search and Rescue (SAR) NGOs and the International Maritime Rescue Federation (IMRF), came together with the support of MEP Miguel Urban because of the on-going humanitarian crisis on Europe’s southern borders and the consequent SAR NGO efforts to save life at sea.

The focus of the Brussels meetings was the understanding and agreeing of the means and methods of addressing unsubstantiated accusations of unlawful conduct by and criminalization of SAR NGOs in the Mediterranean region, which if allowed to continue unchecked, endangers lawful SAR NGO activities to such an extent that the issue can no longer be ignored.

After two days of coordinated meetings and discussion, the attending SAR NGOs (Sea-Watch, Proem-Aid, ProActiva Open Arms, SOS Mediterranee, Hellenic Rescue Team, Jugend Rettet, Humanitarian Pilots Initiative, SMHumanitario and United Rescue Aid), alongside Human Rights at Sea and the International Maritime Rescue Federation, agreed to reject all unsubstantiated claims or commentaries that suggest illegal direct cooperation by SAR NGOs with criminal networks.

Further, in order to develop and refine professional SAR NGO operations, all attendees agreed the objective and intent of the First Edition of the voluntary ‘Code of Conduct for Search and Rescue Operations undertaken by civil society Non-Governmental Organizations in the Mediterranean Sea’ on the basis that the Code aligns with the three core areas for undertaking lawful SAR operations, those being; following accepted international humanitarian principles, defending fundamental human rights and the professionalization of operational conduct. The attendees agreed to further refine the First Edition.

David Hammond commented: “The voluntary coming together of so many civil society NGOs alongside MEPs, researchers, academics and several African migrants who themselves had made that terrible journey, underscored the critical importance of coordinated and professional responses to the humanitarian crisis in the Mediterranean. It was therefore disappointing that FRONTEX failed to attend either the meetings or the Parliamentary session having previously publicly asserted that SAR NGOs have been engaged in potential criminal activities with criminal networks and which was vigorously denied by all attending organizations.”

NGO attendees seek that any further unsubstantiated accusations of unlawful conduct by SAR NGOs cease immediately without the presentation of substantiated evidence, and that going forward, SAR NGOs have free, fair and open dialogue with all applicable European institutions on the positive integration of SAR NGOs into humanitarian rescue efforts at sea.

This supports the attendees overall goal to encourage international governmental and non-governmental organizations to remain focused on the humanitarian task of ensuring that all people in distress in the waters of the Mediterranean can be saved.

David Hammond stated that: “Without respectful dialogue and direct engagement between State and non-State actors, the ultimate consequence is a failure to effectively save life at sea. Further, the attempted criminalization of ordinary people undertaking genuine and extraordinary humanitarian roles is quite simply, wrong.”


  • Download the First Edition of the Code of Conduct: here
  • Download the Volunteer Maritime Rescuer publication: here
  • Download Mr. David Hammond’s statement in the European Parliament (29 March 2017): here

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