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Researchers at University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa’s Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) were recently awarded a $1.026 million grant from NASA to develop coral disease forecasting models for Hawaiʻi, U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands and the Great Barrier Reef. Megan Donahue, principal investigator and HIMB researcher, and Jamie Caldwell, HIMBpost-doctoral fellow on the project, will lead an international team as they combine field work, experimental work, previously collected data and satellite data to predict disease risk up to six months before an expected outbreak.

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The Arctic Ocean was once a gigantic freshwater lake. Only after the land bridge between Greenland and Scotland had submerged far enough did vast quantities of salt water pour in from the Atlantic. With the help of a climate model, researchers from the Alfred Wegener Institute have demonstrated how this process took place, allowing researchers for the first time to understand more accurately how Atlantic circulation as we know it today came about. The results of the study have been published in the journal Nature Communications.

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Scientists are closer to unraveling the long-standing mystery of how tiny glass eel larvae, which begin their lives as hatchlings in the Sargasso Sea, know when and where to "hop off" the Gulf Stream toward European coastlines to live out their adult lives in coastal estuaries.

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